Credit Union Ethics (or lack thereof)
It is unclear what Linda Lee Clark did before her initial employment at SCICAP Credit Union. According to media reports from the beginning, Clark redirected account holders’ deposits into her own personal account and the accounts of her children; and initiated unauthorized withdrawals of funds from member accounts into her own personal account and the accounts of her children. Clark concealed the embezzlement by maintaining two sets of accounting records on the Credit Union’s data processing system. When it comes to credit union ethics, it’s clear that Clark started with the intent to deceive and was smart enough to create a credible paper trail that worked for some period of time.
Documents indicate Clark “exhibited an insatiable desire to buy stuff” and despite the theft remains in debt. As a result of Clark’s embezzlement, the Credit Union became insolvent and was forced into liquidation.
Weren’t their signs?
It’s challenging when writing about a circumstance that you are not personally familiar with, but I have to ask – weren’t their signs? The insatiable desire to buy stuff – hum – based on her income wouldn’t it stand to reason that one might question where the funds are coming from to keep buying? Seems a reasonable question, but wait there may be an explanation. She embezzled for 37 years. Take her theft and divide that by the number of years during which it happened and you find that she (on average) only stole $67,000 +/- per year. It’s reasonable to assume that that little would not create enough concern to ask the question – where from – explore lifestyle issues.
Credit Union Ethics and Internal Controls
When it comes to the application of ethics in any financial services institution the issue of management and board responsibility is paramount. Every financial institution is subject to making poor ethical decisions – just ask Wells Fargo. But when it comes to credit unions and credit union ethics, the responsibility is greater for one obvious reason – size. Most (not all) credit unions are moderate in size and therefore don’t have the bureaucracy to have layers of internal controls. Effectively this puts board members at greater risk, in my opinion, since they are naturally closer to the credit union management and have a more direct responsibility for oversight.
The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, in several studies, reflected facts that credit unions (especially those on the board) should consider:
- The vast majority (77%) of all frauds in the ACFE study were committed by individuals working in one of six departments: accounting, operations, sales, executive/upper management, customer service and purchasing.
- The longer a perpetrator has worked for an organization, the higher fraud losses tend to be. Perpetrators with more than ten years of experience at the victim organization caused a median loss of $229,000. By comparison, the median loss caused by perpetrators who committed fraud in their first year on the job was only $25,000.
Linda Lee Clark was sentenced to 78 months in prison, ordered to serve five years of supervised release following her imprisonment and to pay $2,494,809.33 in restitution. Of course, to be practical, there is little chance that any restitution of any significant amount will ever be paid. That’s a financial mountain far too high for most anyone to climb.
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